OK, let's dive right in at the deep end. Things I hate about Java!

Oh, disgustingness! Who ever thought that this would be a good idea? The literal null has no static type, so how can anyone (and I'm talking about you, Mr. Compiler!) say which method is the best match? That's just wrong. Stupid Java! Take a look at the reference for that one, if you wish. (It's section 15.12.2, if that link doesn't take you to exactly the right place.)

        class A { }
        class B extends A { }
        class C extends B { }

        class MostSpecific
        {
            static void f(A a) { System.out.println("f(A)"); }
            static void f(B b) { System.out.println("f(B)"); }
            static void f(C c) { System.out.println("f(C)"); }

            public static void main(String[] args)
            {
                f((A) null); // Obvious enough.
                f((B) null); // Obvious enough.
                f((C) null); // Obvious enough.
                f(null);     // Yuck!
            }
        }